CSR Logics in the Middle East
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Logics research in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is still an understudied form of CSR discourse and practice. Juxtaposing the myriad forms of expressions across different countries and subregions is necessary to drive future research in this context forward. In recent years, CSR practices in MENA have become salient through tailoring and adaptation of Western CSR Logics. Each nation has a unique constellation of institutions (political, cultural, social, and economic) that help shape CSR Logics in context in somewhat different ways. In this book chapter, we consider the institutions relating to state, corporation, family, and religion in the Middle East and how they shape localized expressions of CSR, with nuanced comparisons between different MENA sub-clusters of contexts. We also keep in mind the analysis of Western Assumptive Logics of CSR and their increasing salience across the globe. The subregions in MENA that we study are clustered based on socioeconomic measures, namely, Human Development Index (HDI), and include Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), middle-HDI cluster, and low-HDI cluster, each having a unique set of political, social, and cultural understandings that shape CSR practices in the Middle East in different ways.
KeywordsCSR Middle East CSR Logics Human Development Index MENA
- Commission of the European Communities. (2002, July 2). Communication from the commission concerning corporate social responsibility: A business contribution to sustainable development (COM(2002) 347 final). Brussels.Google Scholar
- Community Development Authority. (2017). Corporate social responsibility. The Department of Investment and Social Responsibility, Government of Dubai. Retrieved from https://www.cda.gov.ae/en/csr/Pages/default.aspx
- Dubai Chamber. (n.d.). About the Dubai Chamber CSR label. Retrieved April 19, 2018, from http://www.dubaichamber.com/what-we-do/business-excellence/centre-for-responsible-business/the-dubai-chamber-csr-label/about-the-label
- Friedland, R., & Alford, R. (1991). Bringing society back in: Symbols, practices, and institutional contradictions. In W. W. Powell & P. DiMaggio (Eds.), The new institutionalism in organizational analysis (pp. 232–263). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Jamali, D., & Karam, C. (2016). Corporate social responsibility in developing countries as an emerging field of study. International Journal of Management Reviews, 10, 1–30.Google Scholar
- Najjar, R. (2017). The key role of media and businesses in helping regional societies navigate modern-day storms. In N. Azoury (Ed.), Business and society in the Middle East (pp. 1–15). Cham: Springer Nature.Google Scholar
- Öksüz, B., & Görpe, S. (2014). The role of the Turkish public relations/communication professionals in corporate social responsibility: A research on practices and communications of CSR programs in Turkey. Global Media Journal: Turkish Edition, 5(9), 243–262.Google Scholar
- Ronnegard, D. (2010). CSR in the UAE. http://csrleaders.com/?p=259. Accessed 7 Dec 2011.
- Trans-Arabian Creative Communications Services. (2004, October 11). Microsoft Supports Kuwait CSR Conference, Showcasing Private Sector Community Expertise. Retrieved November 6, 2018, from http://www.csrwire.com/press_releases/20459-Microsoft-Supports-Kuwait-CSR-Conference-Showcasing-Private-Sector-Community-Expertise
- UNDP. (2016). Overview human development report (Rep.). Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/HDR2016_EN_Overview_Web.pdf
- United Arab Emirates Ministry of Economy. (2017). Corporate social responsibility. Retrieved April 19, 2018, from http://www.economy.gov.ae/english/pages/csruae.aspx
- World Bank Group. (2016). Doing business regional profile 2016: Middle East and North Africa. Washington, DC: World Bank. Retrieved from: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/23856.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). (2002). The business case for sustainable development: Making a difference towards Johannesburg summit 2002 and beyond. Geneva: World Business Council for Sustainable Development.Google Scholar