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Hospital Infections

  • Elisabeth PresterlEmail author
  • Magda Diab-El SchahawiEmail author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
  • Helga Paula
  • Jacqui S. Reilly
Chapter

Abstract

Hospital infections occur during hospital stay, and they cause prolonged stay, disability and economic burden. The infections in the healthcare facilities are multifactorial; they can be caused by breaches of infection control practices and procedures or contact with unclean and non-sterile environmental surfaces, and they can be associated with the devices used in medical procedures, such as catheters or ventilators. The most common type of hospital infections are surgical wound infections, respiratory infections and genitourinary infections.

Keywords

Incubation Healthcare Prevention Device Surveillance 

Further Reading

  1. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals. Stockholm: ECDC; 2013. ISBN 978-92-9193-485-0. https://doi.org/10.2900/86011.
  2. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Annual epidemiological report 2016 – surgical site infections. [Internet]. Stockholm: ECDC; 2016Google Scholar
  3. WHO Report on the burden of endemic health are-associated infection worldwide. A systematic review of the literature. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabeth Presterl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Magda Diab-El Schahawi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
    • 1
  • Helga Paula
    • 1
  • Jacqui S. Reilly
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Hygiene and Infection ControlMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Glasgow Caledonian UniversityGlasgowUK

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