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Blood-Borne Viruses: HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C

  • Elisabeth PresterlEmail author
  • Magda Diab-El SchahawiEmail author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
  • Helga Paula
  • Jacqui S. Reilly
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter the epidemiology and transmission pathways of common blood-borne viruses (human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), and hepatitis C (HCV)) are described, with an emphasis on preventive strategies in the hospital setting. Pre-exposure prevention through vaccination is currently available only for hepatitis B. Universal and extended precautions—depending on the degree of exposure—are needed for other blood-borne viruses.

Keywords

HIV Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Needlestick injury Transmission prevention 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabeth Presterl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Magda Diab-El Schahawi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
    • 1
  • Helga Paula
    • 1
  • Jacqui S. Reilly
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Hygiene and Infection ControlMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Glasgow Caledonian UniversityGlasgowUK

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