• Isabella Lai
  • R. Sonia Batra


Blepharoplasty is an operation focused on functional and/or cosmetic restoration of the eyelid by removal of redundant tissue. It is one of the most popular cosmetic procedures due to its relatively low risk profile and rapid visible improvement in facial aesthetics. Current methods of periorbital rejuvenation to restore youthful appearance are more conservative—grounded on concise preoperative evaluation and focused on limited skin resection. In this chapter, the authors present evidence for preoperative evaluation, decision-making and counseling of patients, surgical planning, various operative techniques, and postoperative care in functional and aesthetic blepharoplasty. Evidence on the postoperative complications and alternative complementary procedures is also discussed.


Blepharoplasty Aesthetic facial surgery Upper eyelid Lower eyelid Transconjunctival incision Transcutaneous incision Dermatologic surgery 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabella Lai
    • 1
  • R. Sonia Batra
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.University of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Batra Dermatology, Santa MonicaCAUSA
  3. 3.Department of Dermatology, USC Keck School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

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