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Remodelling Potential of the Mitral Heart Valve Leaflet

  • Bruno V. Rego
  • Sarah M. Wells
  • Chung-Hao Lee
  • Michael S. SacksEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Little is known about how normal valvular tissues grow and remodel in response to altered loading. In the present work, we used the pregnancy state to represent a non-pathological cardiac volume overload that distends the mitral valve (MV), utilizing both extant and new experimental data and a modified form of our MV structural constitutive model. We determined that there was an initial period of permanent set-like deformation where no remodelling occurs, followed by a remodelling phase which resulted in near-complete restoration of homeostatic tissue-level behaviour. In addition, we observed that changes in the underlying MV interstitial cell (MVIC) geometry closely paralleled the tissue-level remodelling events, undergoing an initial passive perturbation followed by a gradual recovery to the pre-pregnant state. Collectively, these results suggest that valvular remodelling is actively mediated by average MVIC deformations (i.e. not cycle to cycle, but over a period of weeks).

Keywords

Remodelling Heart valve Pregnancy Volume overload Structural constitutive model Valve interstitial cell 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This material is based upon work supported by the National Institutes of Health grant no. R01-HL119297 to MSS, the National Science Foundation grant no. DGE-1610403 to BVR, an American Heart Association Scientist Development Grant Award (16SDG27760143) to CHL, and a Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery Grant to SMW.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno V. Rego
    • 1
  • Sarah M. Wells
    • 2
  • Chung-Hao Lee
    • 1
    • 3
  • Michael S. Sacks
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.James T. Willerson Center for Cardiovascular Modeling and Simulation, Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, Department of Biomedical EngineeringThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.School of Biomedical EngineeringDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  3. 3.School of Aerospace and Mechanical EngineeringThe University of OklahomaNormanUSA
  4. 4.The Oden Institute and the Department of Biomedical EngineeringThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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