Epidemiology and Historical Drug Use Patterns
The use of most substances among adolescents in the United States has fallen in recent years. However, important exceptions to this general trend include the rise in marijuana use, including daily use, among adolescents, and the emergence of e-cigarettes and vaping. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of recent and historical trends in adolescent substance use. This information provides the basis for subsequent chapters to review screening and management of adolescent substance use and substance use disorders. This chapter begins with an overview of adolescent substance use epidemiology, followed by a brief review of the national surveys used in the United States to track substance use in the general adolescent population. The text then reviews recent and historical trends in use of alcohol, marijuana, nicotine, opioids, and other substances to lay the groundwork for clinicians to acquire more specific knowledge and skills to address adolescent substance use in the chapters that follow.
KeywordsAdolescents Marijuana Alcohol Nicotine Opioids Substance use disorders Epidemiology
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