Effects of an Inclination-Controlled Active Spinal Exoskeleton on Spinal Compression Forces

  • A. S. KoopmanEmail author
  • S. Toxiri
  • M. P. de Looze
  • I. Kingma
  • J. H. van Dieën
Conference paper
Part of the Biosystems & Biorobotics book series (BIOSYSROB, volume 22)


Mechanical loading of the spine is a known risk factor for the development of low-back pain. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of an inclination-controlled exoskeleton on spinal compression forces during lifting with various techniques. Peak compression decreased on average by around 20%, and this was largely independent of lifting technique.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Koopman
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Toxiri
    • 2
  • M. P. de Looze
    • 1
  • I. Kingma
    • 1
  • J. H. van Dieën
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behavioural and Movement SciencesVrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement SciencesAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Advanced RoboticsIstituto Italiano di TecnologiaGenoaItaly

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