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Novel Perturbation-Based Approaches Using Pelvis Exoskeleton Robot in Gait and Balance Training After Stroke

  • Zlatko Matjačić
  • Matjaž Zadravec
  • Nataša Bizovičar
  • Nika Goljar
  • Andrej Olenšek
Conference paper
Part of the Biosystems & Biorobotics book series (BIOSYSROB, volume 22)

Abstract

We have developed an innovative admittance-controlled Balance Assessment Robot that enables movement of a pelvis in all six degrees-of-freedom while a subject is walking on an instrumented treadmill. Further, we have developed a number of training approaches that are targeted to diminish specific deficiencies like gait asymmetry, insufficient weight-bearing, reduced push-off and poor dynamic balancing capabilities. A novel approach of precisely-timed push-like exertion of forces to the pelvis, performed similarly to physiotherapists that physically manipulate pelvis to indirectly modify trajectories of pelvis and legs of trainees, was developed. The developed approach was implemented in a series of case studies involving high-functioning stroke subjects in the early chronic stage. The results of prolonged training with high volume, specificity and intensity brought about significant changes in the balancing capabilities as well as in overall walking performance.

References

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    Matjačić, Z., Zadravec, M., Olenšek, A.: An effective balancing response to lateral perturbations at pelvis level during slow walking requires control in all three planes of motion. J. Biomech. 60, 79–90 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Matjačić, Z., Zadravec, M., Olenšek, A.: Feasibility of robot-based perturbed-balance training during treadmill walking in a high-functioning chronic stroke subject: a case-control study. J. Neuroeng. Rehabil. 15, 32 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zlatko Matjačić
    • 1
  • Matjaž Zadravec
    • 1
  • Nataša Bizovičar
    • 1
  • Nika Goljar
    • 1
  • Andrej Olenšek
    • 1
  1. 1.University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of SloveniaLjubljanaSlovenia

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