Documentation Strategy for Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) in Cultural Heritage Institutions: Mak Yong Performing Art Collection

  • Mazlina Pati KhanEmail author
  • Andika Abdul Aziz
  • Khairul Azhar Mat Daud
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11196)


United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has recognized Mak Yong’s Theater Performing Art as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of Humanity by September 2005 (UNESCO, “Mak Yong Theater”,, (September 28, 2016)). Unfortunately, Mak Yong was declared as an irrelevant form of performing art due to the prohibition in the year 1991 since the Islamic Party of Malaysia (PAS) that took control of the state. It is viewed as being non-compliant to Islamic teachings. Various efforts have been undertaken to protect cultural heritage by collecting and documenting especially in the manifestation of intangible cultural value in order to consolidate and nurture appreciation of the cultural heritage within society. Thus, this study explores the documentation strategy approach obtainable in cultural heritage institutions on preserving and safeguarding ICH collections. A novel qualitative methodological approach was used by employing a case study design; semi-structured interviews were conducted to examine the aperture on the implementation of documenting ICH collection in the National Archives, National Museum, and the National Library of Malaysia.


ICH collection Cultural heritage institution Information heritage documentation Records and archives management 



This research was supported by Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia under SLAI/SLAB scholarship for PhD level for period September 2015 to Mac 2019. We thank to all that has been involved in provided insight and greatly assisted in this study.


  1. 1.
    Arantes, A.A.: Beyond tradition: cultural mediation in the safeguard of ICH. In: The First ICH Researchers Forum of 2003 Convention : The Implementation of UNESCO’s 2003 Convention, June 2012Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Crofts, N.: Grasping the intangible: how should museums document intangible heritage? In: CIDOC 2010: ICOM General Conference, pp. 1–15 (2010)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chaudhuri, S.: Research and documentation as tools for sustaining ICH: archives and community partnership – a case study from India. In: Meeting on Documentation of ICH (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Templanza, M.R., Templanza, N.R.: A study of the documentation and archival practices of the mangyan heritage center and the center for mindoro studies. In: The General Conference Congress of Southeast Asian Librarians (CONSAL) XVI. Bangkok, Thailand (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yousof, G.-S.: Mak Yong: The Ancient Malay Dance-Theatre, pp. 108–121. Asian Studies, Quezon City (1979)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kvam, H.: City culture at the crossroads. J. Urban Cult. Res. 3, 60–69 (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shuaib, A.A., Halid, R.I.R.: The search for the middle path: Islam and the tradisional malay performing arts. UMK Print (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Matusky, P.: The significance of preservation: to save or not to save? Tirai Panggung: J. Seni Persembahan 5, 56 (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McCulloch, G.: Documentary Research in Education, History and the Social Sciences. Rutledge Falmer, London (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sheppard, M.: Ma’Yong, The Malay Dance Drama. Malaysian Society for Asian Studies (1969)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sheppard, M.: Ma’Yong. Correspondences, 1959–1993. 2000/0007440. Arkib Negara Malaysia, Kuala LumpurGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    UNESCO: Examination of the reports of States Parties on the implementation of the Convention and on the current status of elements inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cox, R.J.: Documenting localities: a practical model for american archivists and manuscript curators. Libr. Rev. 52(5), 236–237 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jacob, S.A., Furgerson, S.P.: Writing interview protocols and conducting interviews: tips for students new to the field of qualitative research. Qual. Rep. 17(42), 1–10 (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Newman, J.: Sustaining community archives (2010)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Huvila, I.: Change and stability in archives, libraries and museums: mapping professional experiences in Sweden. Inf. Res. 21(1) (2016)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kurin, R.: Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in the 2003 UNESCO convention: a critical appraisal. Mus. Int. 56(1–2), 66–77 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Manetsi, T.: Safeguarding intangible heritage in South Africa: a critique of the draft national p olicy on living herit age. Int. J. Intang. Herit. 6, 58–69 (2011)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Robinson, H.: Knowledge Utopias: an epistemological perspective on the convergence of museums, libraries and archives. University of Sydney (2015)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Manaf, Z.A., Ismail, A., Razlan, N.M., Manaf, A.A, Daruis, R.: Risk management for digital cultural heritage information in Malaysia. In: Proceeding of European Conference on Information Managagement Evaluation, pp. 1–9 (2013)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wellington, S.: Building GLAMour: converging practice between gallery, library, archive and museum entities in New Zealand memory institutions. Victoria University of Wellington (2013)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gwinn, N.E., Valletta, M.: LAMMS and international collaboration. In: ICOMOS Scientific Symposium: Changing World, Changing Views of Heritage: The Impact of Global Change on Cultural Heritage-Technological Change, Malta 2009 (2009)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Nemani, S.: Pacific Intangible Cultural Heritage Mapping Toolkit. Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universiti Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia
  2. 2.Universiti Malaysia KelantanBachokMalaysia

Personalised recommendations