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Response of Pulses to Drought and Salinity Stress Response: A Physiological Perspective

  • Titash Dutta
  • Nageswara Rao Reddy Neelapu
  • Shabir H. Wani
  • Surekha ChallaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Salinity and drought are the major abiotic stresses accountable for significant loss of crop productivity worldwide. The situation is further aggravated due to exponential population rise, leading to encroachment in arable land predominantly in Asian countries. Under such scenario, the onus lies in improving salt and drought tolerance in plants thereby striking a balance between sustainable crop productivity and global food demands. Legumes serve as rich dietary proteins and accounts for 27% of the world crop productivity. Pulse production worldwide is under constant threat due to frequent and prolonged exposure to saline and water-deficit environments.

Plants display a series of morphological, physiological, metabolic, and molecular changes in response to salt and drought stress. In this review, we highlight the stress responses observed in legumes and establish the physiological traits or parameters such as plant-water relations and transpiration efficiency, photosynthesis and stomatal conductance, ion concentrations, growth, and yield. These physiological parameters have been validated in many economically important legumes and can be harnessed for quantification of plant growth and survival status under stress along with developing transgenic legume cultivars equipped with multiple stress tolerance.

Keywords

Legumes Salinity Drought Physiological responses 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors are grateful to GITAM (Deemed to be University) for providing necessary facilities to carry out the research work and for extending constant support in writing this review. TD is thankful for financial support in the form of DST Inspire Fellowship (IF 160964), Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Titash Dutta
    • 1
  • Nageswara Rao Reddy Neelapu
    • 1
  • Shabir H. Wani
    • 2
  • Surekha Challa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Bioinformatics, Institute of ScienceGITAM (Deemed to be University)VisakhapatnamIndia
  2. 2.Mountain Research Centre for Field Crops, Khudwani, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologySrinagarIndia

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