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Basic of GIS and Spatio-Temporal Assessment of Health Events

  • Gouri Sankar Bhunia
  • Pravat Kumar Shit
Chapter

Abstract

The availability of geographic information systems in combination with fast and relatively inexpensive computer hardware leaves the epidemiologist with the responsibility of making effective use of the information. Present chapter described about the basic concept of geographical information system (GIS). In this chapter, different types of GIS data model, data error, and spatial analysis, spatio-temporal data model has also been analyzed. Moreover, this chapter describes about the concept of spatial epidemiology, such as, disease mapping, spatial exposure assessment, disease risk assessment and cluster detection. The sources and utilization of disease mapping software briefly described in this chapter. An example of point data, and areal data in association with epidemiological analysis has also been described here. A case study of spatio-temporal distribution of vector borne disease has been analyzed to reconnoiter the control of the interference coverage and the devotion to the intervention on malaria health outcome.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Science and TechnologyBihar Remote Sensing Application CentrePatnaIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyRaja Narendra Lal Khan Women’s CollegeMidnaporeIndia

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