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Introduction: The Influence of Sub-state Actors on National Security

  • Minori TakahashiEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Polar Sciences book series (SPPS)

Abstract

In this volume we shed light on the process in which the sub-state actor of Greenland has strengthened its de jure participation in the national security of Denmark. In doing so, we will take up the U.S. Thule Air Base in Greenland as a case that shows that in the relationship between great powers, small countries and local actors within small countries, it is possible for local actors (sub-national entities) to have an influence on higher-level actors in the field of diplomacy on the national security level. For that purpose, we examine political trends involving Greenland, Denmark, the U.S. and Russia by using the multilateral multi-archive approach. We shall also shed light on how the local voice, i.e., the intention to regulate own actions (self-control) and self-rule that concretely embodies it, appear and function in various political matters pertaining to U.S. military bases at the level of national security, by taking up the cases of Okinawa (Japan) and Olongapo/Subic (the Philippines) as reference axes that provide additional insight into the interaction between the U.S. policy regarding overseas basis and the host countries’ polities.

Keywords

Sub-state actors National security Autonomism Separatism Greenland/Denmark U.S. military bases 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Slavic-Eurasian Research Center and Arctic Research CenterHokkaido UniversityHokkaidoJapan

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