Case Study of Reliability Liquefaction Analysis Based on Standard Penetration Test: Sakarya City (Turkey)

  • Zamila HarichaneEmail author
  • Ayfer Erken
  • Mohamed Ghrici
  • Alaa Chateauneuf
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


In the present paper, the standard penetration test (SPT) based liquefaction trigging analysis using the first-order moment method probabilistic method (FORM) was conducted in the Sakarya (Turkey). Variability of input parameters for a specified level of risk was considered. The reliability analysis of liquefaction triggering was followed in order to take into account the uncertainties of input parameters. The SPT results were obtained in an experimental program following the 1999 Kocaeli earthquake. These results together with the empirical approach of Seed and Idriss and its updates, used in a probabilistic framework, were enough to confirm the occurrence of liquefaction in the studied area.


Factor of safety FORM Uncertainty Liquefaction SPT 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zamila Harichane
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ayfer Erken
    • 2
  • Mohamed Ghrici
    • 1
  • Alaa Chateauneuf
    • 3
  1. 1.Geomaterial LaboratoryUniversity Hassiba Benbouali of ChlefChlefAlgeria
  2. 2.Civil Engineering FacultyIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Institut Pascal, University of Blaise PascalClermont-FerrandFrance

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