Sinkhole Morphologies from Photogrammetry and Distinct Element Modeling—An Example from the Dead Sea

  • Djamil Al-HalbouniEmail author
  • Eoghan P. Holohan
  • Hussam Alrshdan
  • Ali Sawarieh
  • Torsten Dahm
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


Sinkholes are a high impact natural hazard common in karstic rocks worldwide. They show different morphologies depending on formation mechanisms and involved geologic materials. We performed high-resolution photogrammetric analysis at the sinkhole site of Ghor Al-Haditha, Jordan, and Distinct Element Modeling to investigate such morphological differences for two characteristic sinkhole types common at the Dead Sea. By geomechanical modelling we proved that a low-strength cover material promotes wide and flat sinkholes as observed in the former Dead Sea lakebed. A high-strength cover material favours narrow and deep sinkholes as observed in the alluvial fans of the former Dead Sea shorelines. The combination of both field measurements and numerical simulation improved our conceptual understanding of sinkhole formation important for assessment of this natural hazard.


Sinkholes Dead Sea Distinct element modeling Natural hazard Photogrammetry 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Djamil Al-Halbouni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eoghan P. Holohan
    • 2
  • Hussam Alrshdan
    • 3
  • Ali Sawarieh
    • 3
  • Torsten Dahm
    • 1
  1. 1.Helmholtz CentreGerman Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ)PotsdamGermany
  2. 2.UCD School of Earth SciencesUniversity College DublinBelfield, Dublin 4Ireland
  3. 3.Ministry of Energy and Mineral ResourcesAmmanJordan

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