Vegetation Dynamics on Clay Landslides After Bioengineering Works: Three Case Studies in North Apennines, Italy

  • Donatella PavanelliEmail author
  • Antea Gennari
  • Lorenzo Sulpizi
  • Claudio Cavazza
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


Landslides in Italy and especially in the Emilia Romagna region represent a characteristic component of the Apennines landscape, characterized by predominantly argillaceous lithology of sedimentary origin. The total landslide area in Emilia Romagna is about 2717 km2, there are about 758 km2 of active landslides, mainly found on agricultural land. The paper examined three representative landslides of the Emilia Apennines (province of Bologna), characterized by anthropogenic abandonment during the last 70 years. The three case studies, Vimignano, Marano and Ca′ dei Ricci landslides, are located in the Reno River Mountain Basin and are united by lithological and climatic features that have caused the recurring and simultaneous land movements that occurred in the ′90 s. The study analyzed the effectiveness and status of stabilization and bioengineering intervention about 15–20 years after their execution and the ability of the natural vegetation to colonize and grow on the landslides in the calanchive basins (badlands) after stabilization, despite the unfavorable climatic and edaphic conditions. We also determined the standing vegetation which developed on the landslides on field sites.


Bioengineering Vegetation dynamics Landslides Badlands Italy 


  1. 1.
    Giupponi, L., Bischetti, G.B., Giorgi, A.: A proposal for assessing the success of soil bioengineering work by analysing vegetation: results of two case studies in the Italian Alps. Landscape Ecol. Eng. 13, 305–318 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pavanelli, D., Capra, A.: Climate change and human impacts on hydroclimatic variability in the Reno River catchment, Northern Italy. In: CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water, WILEY-VCH GmbH&Co. Germany (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bochet, E.: The fate of seeds in the soil: a review of the influence of overland flow on seed removal and its consequences for the vegetation of arid and semiarid patchy ecosystems. SOIL 1, 131–146 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donatella Pavanelli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antea Gennari
    • 2
  • Lorenzo Sulpizi
    • 2
  • Claudio Cavazza
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural and Food SciencesUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.School of Agriculture and Veterinary MedicineUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Reno Catchment Authority, Emilia-Romagna RegionBolognaItaly

Personalised recommendations