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Lithospheric Structure Along a Transect from Red Sea to Arabian Shield Using a Potential Data (Gravity and Aeromagnetic Data)

  • Akrem NahaliEmail author
  • Hakim Gabtni
  • Chokri Jallouli
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

There is an evidence that the crustal thickness from the Red Sea coastal plain to the interior of Saudi Arabia increases dramatically from 10 km in the Red Sea to about 42 km. In order to give more insights on crustal configuration of the Arabian plate, we proposed to analyze available gravity and aeromagnetic data. The gravity data was analyzed and interpreted within a profile A-B perpendicular to the Red Sea coast along the western margin of the Shield. The analysis included the construction of Bouguer gravity and residual anomaly maps, regional gravity and magnetic anomaly maps based on wavelength filtering and derivative techniques, and 2.5D gravity models were constructed in an integrated method constrained by surface geology and previous work such as the available seismic refraction and broadband models [Hansen et al. in Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 2007 1]. Our observations of lithospheric structure showed a relative complexity of the gravity and aeromagnetic anomaly controlled by structural complexity and variable lithology of the transect and support a two-stage rifting history along the Red Sea and suggest that the Moho and LAB topography is the result of extension and erosion caused by asthenosphere flow where the thinnest lithosphere is coincident with the rift axis.

Keywords

Red Sea Arabian shield Gravity Aeromagnetic Model Rifting 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geological Department, Faculty of SciencesUniversity Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Georessources LaboratoryCentre de Recherches et des Technologies des Eaux (CERTE)SolimanTunisia
  3. 3.Department of Geology and GeophysicsCollege of Sciences, King Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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