Advertisement

Planet Formation in the ALMA Era

  • Giuseppe Lodato
  • Benedetta Veronesi
  • Maria Giulia Ubeira Gabellini
  • Enrico Ragusa
  • Alessia Franchini
  • Giovanni Dipierro
  • Hossam Aly
  • Daniel J. Price
Conference paper

Abstract

The field of planet formation has been transformed recently by the completion of high-resolution imaging techniques in the infrared (SPHERE) and mm-wavelength bands (ALMA) that allow us to obtain images at unprecedented high angular resolution of protostellar discs, that are the site of planet formation. At the same time, large planet-hunting campaigns have been carried out in the last decades, showing us the complexity and the diversity of exo-planetary systems. The architecture of planetary systems is shaped by a variety of mechanisms: from the hydrodynamical interactions between the various components of a protostellar disc (gas, dust, proto-planets), to the N-body interactions between newly formed planets. In this contribution, I will describe the efforts carried out at the University of Milan to understand the hydrodynamics of protostellar discs and how such dynamical mechanisms determine the structures observed with high-resolution imaging. This is done mostly by performing high-resolution numerical simulations of the coupled evolution of gas and dust around a newly born star.

Keywords

Planets Planet formation Hydrodynamics Accretion discs Star formation 

References

  1. 1.
    M. Mayor, D. Queloz, Nature 378, 355 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D.N.C. Lin, J. Papaloizou, MNRAS 186, 799 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F.A. Rasio, E.B. Ford, Science 274, 954 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Marois, B. Macintosh, T. Barman, B. Zuckerman, I. Song, J. Patience, D. Lafrenière, R. Doyon, Science 322, 1348 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Helled, P. Bodenheimer, M. Podolak, A. Boley, F. Meru, S. Nayakshin, J.J. Fortney, L. Mayer, Y. Alibert, A.P. Boss, Protostars and Planets VI (2014), pp. 643–665Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Lodato, C.E. Scardoni, C.F. Manara, L. Testi, MNRAS, 472, 4700 (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Partnership, ApJ Lett. 808, L3 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Garufi, S.P. Quanz, H. Avenhaus, E. Buenzli, C. Dominik, F. Meru, M.R. Meyer, P. Pinilla, H.M. Schmid, S. Wolf, A&A 560, A105 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    L.M. Pérez et al., Science 353, 1519 (2016)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Casassus et al., ApJ 812, 126 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D.J. Price, et al., PASA, 35, e031 (2018)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. Lodato, D.J. Price, MNRAS 405, 1212 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D.J. Price, C. Federrath, MNRAS 406, 1659 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Cullen, W. Dehnen, MNRAS 408, 669 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Laibe, D.J. Price, MNRAS 420, 2345 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Laibe, D.J. Price, MNRAS 440, 2147 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Tejeda, S. Rosswog, MNRAS 433, 1930 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    R.P. Nelson, J.C.B. Papaloizou, MNRAS 315, 570 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Cerioli, G. Lodato, D.J. Price, MNRAS 457, 939 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Dipierro, D. Price, G. Laibe, K. Hirsh, A. Cerioli, G. Lodato, MNRAS 453, L73 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S.M. Andrews, D.J. Wilner, Z. Zhu, T. Birnstiel, J.M. Carpenter, L.M. Pérez, X.N. Bai, K.I. Öberg, A.M. Hughes, A. Isella, L. Ricci, ApJ Lett. 820, L40 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A.L. Maire et al., A & A 601, A134 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Miotello, E.F. van Dishoeck, M. Kama, S. Bruderer, A&A 594, A85 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. Bertin, C.C. Lin, Spiral Structure in Galaxies: A Density Wave Theory (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1996)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. Stolker et al., A&A 595, A113 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Dong, J. Fung, ApJ 835, 146 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Bruderer, N. van der Marel, E.F. van Dishoeck, T.A. van Kempen, A&A 562, A26 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    N. van der Marel, E.F. van Dishoeck, S. Bruderer, S.M. Andrews, K.M. Pontoppidan, G.J. Herczeg, T. van Kempen, A. Miotello, A&A 585, A58 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. Ataiee, P. Pinilla, A. Zsom, C.P. Dullemond, C. Dominik, J. Ghanbari, A&A 553, L3 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    E. Ragusa, G. Dipierro, G. Lodato, G. Laibe, D.J. Price, MNRAS 464, 1449 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. Lacour et al., A&A 590, A90 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
    A. Franchini, G. Lodato, S. Facchini, MNRAS 455, 1946 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. Franchini, S.E. Motta, G. Lodato, MNRAS 467, 145 (2017)ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    S.E. Motta, A. Franchini, G. Lodato, G. Mastroserio, MNRAS, 473, 431 (2018)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. Facchini, G. Lodato, D.J. Price, MNRAS 433, 2142 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    G. Lodato, S. Facchini, MNRAS 433, 2157 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    H. Aly, W. Dehnen, C. Nixon, A. King, MNRAS 449, 65 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    P. Cazzoletti, L. Ricci, T. Birnstiel, G. Lodato, A&A 599, A102 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    H. Aly, G. Lodato, P. Cazzoletti, MNRAS, 480, 4738 (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Lodato
    • 1
  • Benedetta Veronesi
    • 1
  • Maria Giulia Ubeira Gabellini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Enrico Ragusa
    • 1
  • Alessia Franchini
    • 1
  • Giovanni Dipierro
    • 3
  • Hossam Aly
    • 1
  • Daniel J. Price
    • 4
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Fisica “Aldo Pontremoli”Università degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.European Southern Observatory (ESO)GarchingGermany
  3. 3.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK
  4. 4.Monash Centre for Astrophysics (MoCA) and School of Physics and AstronomyMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations