The Babylonian Empire: 1900 BC to 539 BC

  • Sangaralingam Ramesh


The history of Sumer and Akkad have been mostly derived from archaeological evidence, unlike the history of either Greece or Rome, which have been accorded a written tradition. There was no Herodotus or Thucydides in the case of either Sumer or Akkad as there was in the case of Greece, except for Berossus. However, he wrote in the latter Greek-Babylonian period, in the third century BC. Knowledge of Mesopotamian dynasties and kings have been mostly derived from inscribed tablets uncovered during archaeological excavations of ancient sites. Throughout the rise of Mesopotamian civilisation was the increased use of writing, for recording transactions but also as a tool of social and political control through written laws and regulations.


Babylonian Empire Mesopotamian civilisation Archaeological excavations 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangaralingam Ramesh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department for Continuing EducationUniversity of Oxford, Rewley HouseOxfordUK

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