Pre-History: Emergence and Palaeolithic to Bronze Age—10,000 BC to 800 BC

  • Sangaralingam Ramesh


Shrew-like creatures that lived around 150 million years ago are the ancestors of humans and mammals. According to the latter, aquatic worms that lived over 600 million years ago are the ancestors of all amphibians, mammals, birds, reptiles, and fishes. Furthermore, the bacteria-like organisms that lived over 3 billion years ago are the ‘parents’ of all living plants and animals. The theory of evolution suggests that creatures evolve and acquire anatomical features and behaviours over time in response to their environment, as a means of adaptation, through processes associated with the biological pathways of genetic change.


Theory of evolution Genetic change Environment 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangaralingam Ramesh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department for Continuing EducationUniversity of Oxford, Rewley HouseOxfordUK

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