Adaptation Strategies and Resilience to Climate Change for Warm, Dry-Summer Continental Climate in Iran
In order to access the process of supply and demand of the energy needed by human settlements to provide thermal comfort in Iran, one warm, dry-summer continental climate station was selected with regard to the recommendations of bioclimatic design for the two periods of 1986–2015 and 2020–2050 was studied. In order to provide bioclimatic solutions, Givoni’s correction chart was used in this study. Also, the output of the CanESM2 general circulation model was downscaled using a multi-station metacentric resonance imaging method called SKNN so as to achieve the local values of two components of daily mean of minimum and maximum temperatures and relative humidity in upcoming periods. It should be noted that this study was carried out based on RCP2.6 greenhouse gas emission lines of the fifth report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The findings of this study showed that in all the studied stations, the trend of temperature increase over the coming decades is not unexpected. This will reduce the use of heating strategies and increase the use of different cooling strategies. Also, according to observational and simulated data, it was found that the most important recommendation for the bioclimatic design for these stations is the Internal Gains solution. Finally, the outputs of this research are expected to be used in the area of energy risk management and land use with the global warming approach in Iran.
KeywordsFuture climate Greenhouse gas emissions Climate responsive design Energy consumption Thermal comfort Iran
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