Advertisement

Regionalization of Precipitation in Jordan

  • Abdulelah Al-Qadami
  • Fayez A. AbdullaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

This study aimed to cluster the temporal and spatial precipitation of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Rainfall data for a period of 53 years (1960–2013) at 32 stations representing the whole country was used. The clustering process was conducted temporally and spatially using the Ward’s linkage method of Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering (AHC). The study revealed three groups of months which are, rainy months group (December–March), moderately rainfall months group (April–November) and dry rainfall months group (May–October). Spatially, the country consists of four homogeneous groups based on the root mean square of standard deviation (RMSSTD). The first and the second clusters include the northern part of Jordan characterized by high rainfall intensity, whereas the third group includes the southern part of Jordan and the last cluster represents the Badia and desert of Jordan country.

Keywords

Precipitation clustering Optimal clusters Ward’s algorithm Jordan 

References

  1. 1.
    Chin, D.A.: Water-Resources Engineering, 3rd edn, p. 960. Pearson, Upper Saddle River (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ward Jr., J.H.: Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 58(301), 236–244 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Badr, H.S., Dezfuli, A.K., Zaitchik, B.F., Peters-Lidard, C.D.: Regionalizing Africa: patterns of precipitation variability in observations and global climate models. J. Clim. 29(24), 9027–9043 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Al-Qinna, M.I., Hammouri, N.A., Obeidat, M.M., Ahmad, F.Y.: Drought analysis in Jordan under current and future climates. (Author abstract) (report). Clim. Change 3, 421 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hammouri, N., El-Naqa, A.: Drought assessment using GIS and remote sensing in Amman-Zarqa basin, Jordan. Jordan J. Civ. Eng. 1(2), 142–152 (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Badr, H.S., Zaitchik, B.F., Dezfuli, A.K.: A tool for hierarchical climate regionalization. Earth Sci Inf., 1–10, (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shahana Shirin, A.H., Thomas, R.: Regionalization of rainfall in Kerala state. Procedia Technol. 24, 15–22 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan

Personalised recommendations