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Water Column Chemistry of Late Holocene Lake Bafa, Eastern Coast of the Aegean Sea (Turkey)

  • Özlem BulkanEmail author
  • Ummuhan Sancar
  • Wei Wei
  • Xiaomin Zhu
  • M. Namık Çağatay
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

This study represents the preliminary results of the first dataset of diatom and bulk stable carbon organic isotopic (δ13Corg) compositions of the sediments collected from Lake Bafa. The aim of this study was to investigate the water column properties of the lake during the Late Holocene, by facilitating salinity and organic matter productivity markers. The isotopic radiocarbon (δ13Corg) dating and diatom-faunal analyses were performed for the first time on a variety of sediments from Lake Bafa. They were retrieved from the modern lacustrine basin depo-center, containing the phases of a freshwater lake, an alkaline lagoon and a marine environment respectively. 14C-AMS-dated sediments represent a complete geological archive reflecting the last 2.5 kyr time period, beginning with a depositional phase dominated by marine conditions represented by enhanced salinity ranges and aquatic productivity signals. This stage was followed by a long period (i.e. 1.75–0.8 ka BP) dominated by a lagoonal environment. During the final stage between 0.8 ka BP and recent, fresh water lake conditions in a closed lacustrine system have occurred.

Keywords

Aegean coastal Lake Bafa Water column chemistry Stable organic carbon isotopes Diatom species 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the project funds provided kindly by the Tubitak-Ardeb-1001/1002 (P.Nr: 113Y070; P.Nr: 115Y766) and Istanbul University (Bap P.Nr: 28942; P.Nr: 17828). For his valuable constructive comments and suggestions, we would like to thank Prof. Dr. Mehmet Keskin. We thank the ITU-EMCOL team and students, Dursun Acar, Bilgehan Toksoy, Burak Yalamaz and Cansu Demirel for their support to retrieving the core samples or discrete sampling.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Özlem Bulkan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ummuhan Sancar
    • 3
  • Wei Wei
    • 4
  • Xiaomin Zhu
    • 4
  • M. Namık Çağatay
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Surface Waters – Research and ManagementSwiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and TechnologyKastanienbaumSwitzerland
  2. 2.Istanbul University-CerrahpaşaIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Istanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.China Petroleum UniversityBeijingChina

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