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Ech Cheid Salt Structure and Its Influence on the Maturity of the Bahloul Fr Source Rock

  • Mohamed Malek KhenissiEmail author
  • Mohamed Montassar Ben Slama
  • Amina Mabrouk El Asmi
  • Anis Mohamed Belhadj
  • Moncef Saidi
Chapter
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Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The geological landscape in Northern Tunisia is dominated by its diapiric structures that started its ascending movements since the late Triassic to Early Cretaceous. This movement is driven by a mechanism known as Halokinesis. The main objective of this study is to establish the relationship between the salt structure setting and the maturity of the surrounding source rocks especially the Cenomanian-Turonian Bahloul Fr. In order to assess the maturity history of the source rock, we analyzed several black shale samples from around Jebal Ech cheid by means of Rock Eval pyrolysis and GC/MS. Our results demonstrate a total organic Carbon (TOC) percentage of 1–9% and a Tmax maturity between 424 and 445 °C. In addition, the distributions of the source rock biomarkers saturated as well as aromatic, change in a specific trend of increasing maturity from the SW to the NE of the structure. This change is also proven when using GC/MS technique to analyze the saturated and aromatic biomarkers such as Ts/Ts+Tm ratios, 22S/22S+22r values for C31 homohopanes, and 20S/(20S+20R) ratios for C29. The results from Rock Eval and GC/MS analyses demonstrate that the salt structure played a role in modifying the geothermal gradient of the basin and in the maturity of the source rock in Bahloul Fr., the individualization of subsidence and deep-seated faults are the main reasons behind the maturity contrast between the studied zones. The organic matter has reached different stages of thermal maturity with a general increasing maturity trend (SW to NE).

Keywords

Halokinesis Salt body Jebel Ech Cheid Source rock maturity Bahloul Fr 

References

  1. 1.
    Khenissi, M.: The influence of salt structure on the maturation and thermal history of Bahloul source rock (Jebel Ech.cheid) and neighboring structures. Master thesis, University Tunis Carthage, Faculty of Science of Bizerte (2016)Google Scholar
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    Down, N.M.: The effect of Salt diapirson the thermal maturity of surrounding sediments in the Western Pyrenees, Spain. Thesis, University of Nevada, Las Vegas (2009)Google Scholar
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    Mello, U.T., Karner, G.D., Anderson, R.N.: Role of salt in restraining the maturation of subsalt source rocks. Mar. Pet. Geol. 12, 697–716 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Jensen, P.K.: Calculations on the thermal conditions around a salt diapir. Geophys. Prospect. 31 (1983)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Malek Khenissi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohamed Montassar Ben Slama
    • 1
  • Amina Mabrouk El Asmi
    • 1
  • Anis Mohamed Belhadj
    • 2
  • Moncef Saidi
    • 2
  1. 1.Earth Science Department, Faculty of Science of TunisTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Tunisian Enterprise of Petroleum Activity (ETAP)TunisTunisia

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