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Significance of Microbial Anomalies in Identifying the Hydrocarbon Prospects in Parts of a Petroliferous Region [Tunisia]

  • Mohamed Seddik Mahmoud BougiEmail author
  • Jawhar Gharbi
  • Syrine Baklouti
  • Mohamed Abdul Rasheed
  • P. L. Srinivasa Rao
  • Syed Zaheer Hasan
  • Mohamed Ksibi
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Microbial prospecting for oil and gas (MPOG) method for bacterial detection is widely applied in surface geochemical exploration for oil and gas deposits. The modified MPOG method was applied in the Guebiba-Sfax basin of the Tunisian Republic which showed signs of hydrocarbon generation and proved oil production. This technique is based on seepage of light hydrocarbon gases such as C1–C5 from the oil and gas reservoir to the shallow surface, providing a good environment for the development of highly specialized microbial populations. These bacteria utilize hydrocarbon gases as the only food source and are found enriched in the near-surface soils above the hydrocarbon bearing structures. The present research work employs methodologies of high significance with the potential to reduce risk in petroleum exploration. For this purpose, we collected a total of 51 soil samples from the Eastern central region of Tunisia and we used the propane oxidizing bacteria as an indicator in the present study.

Keywords

Exploration Geochemical Microbial prospecting hydrocarbon Microseepage Propane oxidizing bacteria 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Seddik Mahmoud Bougi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jawhar Gharbi
    • 1
  • Syrine Baklouti
    • 2
  • Mohamed Abdul Rasheed
    • 3
  • P. L. Srinivasa Rao
    • 3
  • Syed Zaheer Hasan
    • 3
  • Mohamed Ksibi
    • 2
  1. 1.UR17ES30 “Genomics, Biotechnology and Antiviral Strategies” Research UnitHigher Institute of Biotechnology, University of MonastirMonastirTunisia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Environmental Engineering and Ecotechnology, National School of Engineers of SfaxUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  3. 3.Gujarat Energy Research and Management Institute, PDPUGandhinagarIndia

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