The Mineral Exploration of the Iron Ores in the Eastern Aswan, by Using Geophysical Techniques

  • Mahmoud MekkawiEmail author
  • Sultan Arafa
  • Ayman Ismail
  • Mohamed Abbas
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


The magnetite and hematite mines are located in the Eastern Desert of the Abu Subera area, some 35 km far from the Aswan city, commonly recognized as a volcano-tectonic area. It constitutes one of the largest arc sedimentary rock units lying in the Precambrian sequence. It was strongly affected with multiple deformation stages, resulting in the appearance of folding and faulting. The ironstone deposits predominant in the area are of a bedded-oolitic type, and occur in the form of two bands, inter-bedded with ferruginous sandstone and clay-capping Precambrian rocks, of a thickness varying from 0.5 to 3.5 m. The magnetic measurements are condensing along the six mines where the iron ore bodies are concentered. Seven geoelectrical profiles were measured by means of a dipole-dipole configuration of electrode spacing 5, 10 and 15 m of lengths, ranging from 160 to 240 m. The reached results appear to indicate that the ore deposits prove to refer to low resistive zones, of high chargeability with moderate to high magnetic anomalies.


East Aswan iron ores Alter mineralized zone Magnetic and electrical methods 



Acknowledgement Special thanks is due to STDF (Science Technology Development Fund) for financial support economic mineral exploration of East Aswan project (ID: 25288) and providing the chance to carry out different geophysical tools. At Aswan Canter of Earthquakes, Prof. Haggag Hamed and his colleagues, gave me all support and encouragement during field work. Also many thanks to Prof. Hatem Odah, Gad El-Qady, Ahmed Saleh, Ahmed Baker, Dr. Ahmed El-Qutb, Dr. Ayman Ismail and Mr. Mohamed Kamal (NRIAG-Helwan) for helping me during research work.


  1. 1.
    Attia, M.: Topography, geology and iron-ore deposits of this district east of Aswan, Cairo: Les Ed́itions Universitaires d’Egypt, xii, 262 p. Earth Sciences Library (Branner) (1955)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Google Earth. Online. Satellite image of Abu Subeira area (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lansbery, L.: Geological and Geomorphological Evolution of the Egyptian Nile Between Aswan and Kom Ombo: A Remote Sensing and field Study Approach. MSc thesis. Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, p. 83 (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mücke, A.: Environmental conditions in the late Cretaceous African Tethys: conclusions from a microscopic-micro-chemical study of ooidal ironstones from Egypt, Sudan and Nigeria. J. Afr. Earth Sci. 30, 25–46 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Salem, S., El-Gammal, N.: Iron ore prospection East Aswan, Egypt, using remote sensing techniques. Egypt. J. Remote Sens. Space Sci. 18(2), 195–206 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahmoud Mekkawi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sultan Arafa
    • 1
  • Ayman Ismail
    • 1
  • Mohamed Abbas
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics (NRIAG)CairoEgypt

Personalised recommendations