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Contribution to the Study of Bauxites’ Formation in the Fongo-Tongo (Western Cameroon) Sites

  • Franck Wilfried Nguimatsia DongmoEmail author
  • Rose Fouateu Yongue
  • Anthony Temidayo Bolarinwa
  • Ralain Bryan Ngatcha
  • Christopher Fuanya
  • Marc Anselme Kamga
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The present study is aimed at identifying and characterizing the morphological, mineralogical, and geochemical features of Fongo-Tongo bauxite (western Cameroon). Fongo-Tongo is part of the Bamilélé plateau sited in the Western Cameroon highland, on which lateritic bauxites are developed. The study was implemented using XRD; ICP-AES and ICP-MS techniques. The XRD identified minerals include mainly gibbsite and goethite. The geochemical data prove to reveal the persistence of high alumina (Al2O3) content, ranging from 37.4 to 57.5 wt%, with relatively low Fe2O3 (<29.5 wt%), TiO2 (<7.5 wt%) and SiO2 (0.48-3.21 wt%). Trace and REE concentrations of Zr (504-2310), Nb (104-350), Sr (0.7-345), V (8-667), Ce (24.9-239), La (2.4-144) and Nd (3.1-126) ppm of the analysed samples appear to vary from low to high. Additionally, the highest Zr concentration turns out to depict the enrichment of such immobile elements as the Al, Ti, Zr and Nb during the bauxitization process. In effect, the Fongo-Tongo lateritic bauxite is discovered to be high in alumina content while displaying low impurities, which makes it metallogenetically important as a major source of raw material for the aluminium industry.

Keywords

Western Cameroon Fongo-Tongo Bauxites Mineralogy Geochemistry 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franck Wilfried Nguimatsia Dongmo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rose Fouateu Yongue
    • 2
  • Anthony Temidayo Bolarinwa
    • 1
  • Ralain Bryan Ngatcha
    • 1
  • Christopher Fuanya
    • 2
  • Marc Anselme Kamga
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geology, Pan African University, Life and Earth Sciences Institute (PAULESI)University of IbadanIbadanNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of Yaounde 1YaoundeCameroon

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