Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Supergene Alteration of Neogene Hawaiites of Moktaa el Hadid (Nefza, Northern Tunisia)

  • Sonia LazaarEmail author
  • Randa Ben Abdallah
  • Marilyne Soubrand
  • Emmanuel Joussein
  • Mounir Medhioub
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


This work is conducted to study the mineralogical, petrographic and geochemical aspects of the basic volcanic Neogene rocks (hawaiites) as persistent in the Nefza region (northern Tunisia), and their alteration outcomes. The outcrops, as studied in the area, are those belonging to Moktaa El Hadid. These rocks appear to display argilization associated with weathering and significant hydrothermal circulation [1]. Among the magnetic minerals, titanomagnetites are the most abundant and represent the major spinel in basalts.


Basic hawaiites Alteration Clay products Mineralogy Geochemistry 


  1. 1.
    Meddeb, N.: Potentialités géothermiques de la Tunisie septentrionale. Université de Tunis, Thèse de spécialité (1993)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lindsley, D.H.: Experimental studies of oxide minerals. Rev. Miner. 25, 69–106 (1991)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Soubrand-Colin, M., Bril, H., Neel, C., Courtin-Nomade, A., Martin, F.: Weathering of basaltic rocks from the French Massif Central: origin and fate of Ni, Cr. Zn Cu. Can. Mineral. 43(3), 1103–1118 (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gislason, S.R., Euster, H.P.: Meteoric water-basalt interactions. II: A field study in N.E. Iceland. Geochimica Cosmochim. Acta 51, 2841–2855 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baker, I., Haggerty, S.E.: The alteration of olivine in basaltic and associated lavas. Part II: intermediate and low temperature alteration. Contrib. Miner. Petrol. 16, 258–273 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brown, G.: The X-ray Identification and Crystal Structures of Clay Minerals. Mineral Society, London (1961)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Farmer, V.C.: The Infra-red spectra of minerals. Mineral. Soc. Monogr. 4, 539 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Joussein, E., Kruyts, N., Righi, D., Petit, S., Delvaux, B.: Specific retention of radiocesium in volcanic ash soils devoid of micaceous clay minerals. Soils Sci. Soc. Am. J. 68(1), 313–319 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonia Lazaar
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Randa Ben Abdallah
    • 2
  • Marilyne Soubrand
    • 3
  • Emmanuel Joussein
    • 3
  • Mounir Medhioub
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Spectroscopic Characterization and Optics of Materials (LaCSOM)University of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Department of Geology, Faculty of BizerteUniversity of CarthageCarthageTunisia
  3. 3.Laboratoire PEREINEUniversity of LimogesLimoges, CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations