Stratigraphic and Mineralogical Study of Chouabine Formation in the Meknassy Basin (Central Tunisia)

  • Sinda SassiEmail author
  • Karima Horchani-Naifer
  • Nabil Fattah
  • Mokhtar Ferid
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


A 39-m thick phosphate rock was subdivided into 8 layers based on facies changes. The mineralogical composition of these layers was investigated using XRD and binocular loupe. The result appeared to reveal that the layers prove to contain carbonate-fluorapatite, quartz, calcite, gypsum and dolomite, in proportions that vary from a layer to another. This variation is also persistent in the implemented chemical analyses. A simple washing was carried out to obtain a commercial phosphate. The phosphorus pentoxide content (29.41%) in the layer CIII4 turns out to be high enough that it does not require further treatment. Noteworthy, however, is that it appears economically interesting to mix layer CI1 (26.58% P2O5) with layer CIII4 for a 28.77% phosphorus pentoxide content to be attained.


Facies change Stratigraphy Washing Commercial phosphate XRD 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sinda Sassi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karima Horchani-Naifer
    • 1
  • Nabil Fattah
    • 2
  • Mokhtar Ferid
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Mineral Materials and Their ApplicationsNational Research Center in Materials Sciences, Technopole Borj CedriaSolimanTunisia
  2. 2.Phosphate Company of Gafsa, Research CenterMetlaouiTunisia

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