Phosphorus Speciation and Trace Metals in Core Sediment of Kuwait Bay

  • Eqbal Al-EneziEmail author
  • Fatema Al-Shammari
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


Kuwait Bay constitutes a unique ecosystem and a significant nursery ground for many fishes and shrimps. The nutrient, phosphorus, is essential for the growth of marine organisms. Yet, at high concentrations, this nutrient could stimulate excessive algal blooms, and deplete oxygen, causing eutrophication. This study is designed to study the concentrations of different phosphates species and trace metals with high affinity to phosphate in samples of sediment cores. Sediment cores collected from Kuwait Bay were sliced into surface, middle and bottom layers. In all of the samples of sediment cores, the dominant phosphate fraction was CaCO3–P, while the dominant metal was Ca. Pearson correlation shows a positive and negative correlation between phosphate species and metals e.g., organic P and Mn, and CaCO3–P and Fe, respectively. This study is important as it provides an overview of the different phosphate species and their high- affinity trace metals levels from the present time back.


Kuwait Bay Phosphate Sediment Speciation Trace metals 



The authors would like to thank the Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences (KFAS) for supporting the participation of the first author at CAJG - Tunisia 2018.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental and Life Sciences Research CenterKuwait Institute for Scientific ResearchSafatKuwait
  2. 2.College of Health SciencesThe Public Authority for Applied Education and TrainingSafatKuwait

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