Distribution of Major and Trace Elements in Soil and Sediments Along the Nile River and Delta—(Egypt): A Case Study

  • Wael Badawy
  • Octavian G. DuliuEmail author
  • Marina V. Frontasyeva
  • Hussien El-Samman
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


The objective of the present work consists in gathering and examining the maximum amount of data concerning the geochemistry of the Nile solid load. To this end, the distributions of 28 major and trace elements in 176 soil and sediment samples collected from the Egyptian section of the Nile River and Nile Delta were determined via epithermal neutron activation analysis. Compared with the Upper Continental Crust corresponding data, the reached results appear to indicate the presence of detrital material of igneous origin, most probably resulting from weathering on Ethiopian highlands as transported by the Blue Nile, the Nile main tributary. The Ni, Zn and As concentrations perceived in the investigated areas appear to be in line with UCC corresponding data. The Na geographical distributions along with the principal component analysis achieved results prove to suggest a possible atmospheric supply from the neighboring Mediterranean and Red Seas.


Nile river Nile delta Soil Sediment Major elements Trace elements 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nuclear Research Center, Radiation Protection & Civil Defense DepartmentEgyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA)Abu ZaabalEgypt
  2. 2.Faculty of Physics, Department of Atomic and Nuclear PhysicsUniversity of BucharestMagureleRomania
  3. 3.Frank Neutron Physics LaboratoryJoint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubnaRussian Federation
  4. 4.Faculty of Science, Department of PhysicsMenoufia UniversityShibin El-koomEgypt

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