Advertisement

Integrated Approach to Assess the Urban Green Infrastructure Priorities (Alexandria, Egypt)

  • Mona G. IbrahimEmail author
  • Bahaa Elboshy
  • Wael Elham Mahmod
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Extreme rainfall and pluvial flood hazard has recently occurred in Alexandria and caused large human and economic losses. In this regard, the urban green infrastructure (UGI) is considered as a sustainable alternative to urban water management with different applications to reduce water accumulation in the streets caused by the inadequate drainage network capacity. This paper aims at demonstrating an assessment approach to prioritizing urban areas where UGI should be applied. The proposed method integrates flood modeling and land use classification into an assessment index called the UGI Priority Index. This index can help determine the neediest areas for UGI implementation alternatives to reduce the amount of accumulated rain. The introduced priority map can help the decision makers to direct the development plans to the priority areas and reduce the pluvial flood risk level using environmentally-friendly options.

Keywords

Urban green infrastructure Remote sensing Pluvial flood GIS 

References

  1. 1.
    Breuste, J., Artmann, M., Li, J., Xie, M.: Special issue on green infrastructure for urban sustainability. J. Urban Plan. Dev. 141(3), A2015001 (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Golden HE, Hoghooghi N (eds) Green infrastructure and its catchment-scale effects: an emerging science. Wiley Interdiscip. Rev. Water, e1254 (2017)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mguni, P., Herslund, L., Jensen, M.B.: Sustainable urban drainage systems: examining the potential for green infrastructure-based stormwater management for Sub-Saharan cities. Nat. Hazards 82, 241–257 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elboshy, B.M., et al.: A framework for pluvial flood risk assessment in Alexandria considering the coping capacity. Environ. Syst. Decis. (2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zevenbergen, C., Bhattacharya, B., Wahaab, R.A., Elbarki, W.A.I., Busker, T., Salinas Rodriguez, C.N.A.: In the aftermath of the October 2015 Alexandria Flood Challenges of an Arab city to deal with extreme rainfall storms. Nat. Hazards 86(2), 901–917 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cançado, V., Brasil, L., Nascimento, N., Guerra, A.: Flood risk assessment in an urban area: measuring hazard and vulnerability. In: 11th International Conference on Urban Drainage, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, 2008 Flood, no. Equation 1, pp. 1–10 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mona G. Ibrahim
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Bahaa Elboshy
    • 1
  • Wael Elham Mahmod
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Environmental Engineering DepartmentEgypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, E-JUSTAlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Environmental Health DepartmentHigh Institute of Public Health, Alexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt
  3. 3.Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringAssiut UniversityAssiutEgypt

Personalised recommendations