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Bio-Evaluation of Water Quality in an Algerian Dam by the Application of Biotic Indices; Case of Ghrib Dam

  • Somia HamilEmail author
  • Siham Arab
  • Djaouida Bouchelouche
  • Mounia Baha
  • Abdeslem Arab
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The watershed Cheliff-Ghrib undergoes important anthropogenic pressures which mainly affect the river of Cheliff and the Ghrib reservoir. Dammed water is used, without preliminary treatment, for farm irrigation. This work is a biological characterization of the quality of water of the Ghrib Dam. Surface water samples were taken monthly (2014–2016) from 3 sites from the dam. We determined Species Richness (Margalef’s diversity index) as well as biological quality using saprobity index. By qualitative and quantitative analysis of the zooplankton community, 51 bio-indicator species were recorded from 3 groups in the dam. The results of the saprobity index show that the water quality is between Oligo to Beta Mesosaprobic (very slight pollution to moderate pollution). Thus, any change or altering in the water body due to anthropogenic activities, agricultural runoff and various other factors, accounts for the increase or decrease in physi-cochemical parameters, which in turn results in the change of the zooplankton composition in the Ghrib Dam.

Keywords

Pollution Saprobity index Bio-evaluation Rotifera Algeria 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Somia Hamil
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Siham Arab
    • 2
    • 3
  • Djaouida Bouchelouche
    • 2
  • Mounia Baha
    • 1
  • Abdeslem Arab
    • 2
  1. 1.L.E.B.A., ENS-KoubaAlgiersAlgeria
  2. 2.LaDyBio, FSB, USTHB Bab-EzzouarAlgiersAlgeria
  3. 3.FST/GAT, USTHB Bab-EzzouarAlgiersAlgeria

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