New Use of Hydrograph Separation Method for Hydrological Process Identification

  • Asma DahakEmail author
  • Hamouda Boutaghane
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


This study is a new application of the recession curve analysis with a new non-subjective method. Its objective is to construct master recession curves generated by placing, horizontally, the vertex of individual recession segments of the most suitable connection line defined by measurement points of a preceding recession segment. This proposed methodology was applied for a rural catchment with a low urban contribution, namely Madjez Ressoul, which is located in the Ain Berda region in Algeria. The results of separation always give an appropriate R2 coefficient; they confirm the ability to calculate the recession curve coefficient k of the three processes (surface flow, subsurface flow and baseflow).


Recession curve analysis Hydrograph separation method Master recession curve Trigonometry method 


  1. 1.
    Horton, R.E.: The role of infiltration in the hydrologic cycle National research council of the national academy of sciences. Eos Trans. AGU. 14, 446–460 (1933)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Boussinesq, J.: Recherches théoriques sur l’écoulement des nappes d’eau infiltrées dans le sol et sur le debit des sources. Journal de mathématiques pures et appliquée 5e série, tome 10, 5–78 (1904)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tallaksen, L.M.: A review of baseflow recession analysis. J Hydrol. 165(1–4), 349–370 (1995)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chapman, T.G.: Modelling stream recession flows. Environ. Model. Softw. 18(8–9), 683–692 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sujono, J., Shikasho, S., and Hiramatsu, K.: A comparison of techniques for hydrograph recession analysis. Hydrol Process. 18(3), 403–413 (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Berhail, S., Ouerdachi, L., and Boutaghane, H.: The use of the recession index as indicator for components of flow. Energy Procedia 18, 741–750 (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Hydraulics and Hydraulic ConstructionsBadji Mokhtar-Annaba UniversityAnnabaAlgeria

Personalised recommendations