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Groundwater Favourable Infiltration Zones on Granitic Areas (Central Portugal)

  • José Martins Carvalho
  • Maria José AfonsoEmail author
  • José Teixeira
  • Liliana Freitas
  • Ana Rita Lopes
  • Rosário Jesus
  • Sofia Batista
  • Rosário Carvalho
  • Helder I. Chaminé
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

The Infiltration Potential Index (IPI) was used at Castelo Novo (Fundão, Central Portugal) to delineate favourable infiltration zones. The Infiltration Potential Index is a valuable tool to include in integrated water resources management in crystalline fractured rocks. An integrated approach combining hydrogeomorphology and GIS was developed applying multiple layers of information (tectonic lineaments, hydrogeological units, slope, drainage, land use, and precipitation). Different ranks were assigned to thematic layers and different weights were given to classes according to their contribution for groundwater using the Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) methodology. Almost 80% of the area is covered by slightly to moderately weathered (W1–2–W3) granite, having slopes of 5–15° and 15–25°, tectonic lineaments densities of 6–12 km/km2 and 12–18 km/km2 and drainage densities of 6–9 km/km2 and >9 km/km2. Scrub and/or herbaceous vegetation associations and bare rocks dominate. A moderate to high Infiltration Potential Index (IPI) is dominant in the area.

Keywords

Groundwater Infiltration potential index (IPI) GIS mapping 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Martins Carvalho
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maria José Afonso
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • José Teixeira
    • 1
    • 3
  • Liliana Freitas
    • 1
  • Ana Rita Lopes
    • 4
  • Rosário Jesus
    • 4
  • Sofia Batista
    • 4
  • Rosário Carvalho
    • 5
  • Helder I. Chaminé
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Cartography and Applied Geology (LABCARGA), Department of Geotechnical EngineeringSchool of Engineering (ISEP), Polytechnic of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Centre GeoBioTec, UAAveiroPortugal
  3. 3.CEGOT and Department of Geography, Faculty of ArtsUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  4. 4.APA—Portuguese Environment AgencyLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.IDL and Department of Geology, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal

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