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Characterization of Superficial Aquifer in Oued M’Zab (Northern Algerian Sahara)

  • Hadjira BenhedidEmail author
  • Mustapha Daddi Bouhoun
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Our work focuses on studying the physico-chemical quality of superficial aquifer of Oued M’Zab in order to identify their potability, and their impact on human and the environment. To achieve this goal, we carried out physicochemical measures on forty-five wells aligned along the Oued M’Zab, (that is measuring pH, EC, Ca++, Mg++, Na+, K+, Cl, SO4, HCO3 and NO3), allowing the classification of this water according to international standards. The findings in the framework of this work show that the water of the aquifer is close to neutrality and is highly saline. The water facies is variable, of anionic dominance, chlorinated, sulphated or balanced; and of cationic dominance, sodium, calcium, magnesium or balanced. According to WHO standards, the majority of these waters are classified as not drinkable. The location of contaminated wells must be reported and prohibited for human consumption.

Keywords

Characterization Physico-chemical Superficial aquifer M’Zab Algeria 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Ecosystem Protection in Arid and Semi Arid ZonesUniversity of OuarglaOuarglaAlgeria

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