Geochemical Classification of Groundwater System in a Rural Area of Nigeria

  • Theophilus A. AdagunodoEmail author
  • Rachael O. Adejumo
  • Anuoluwapo M. Olanrewaju
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


The characteristics of the groundwater system in Iresa-Apa, Oyo state, Nigeria, were studied using the Piper linear approach. Twenty-four water samples were randomly collected to cover the area of study. The analyzed cations from the samples are Mg2+, Na+, K+, and Ca2+, while the anions are CO32−, HCO3, SO42−, and Cl. The three hydrochemical facies identified are Ca–Mg–Na, Ca–Mg–Na–SO4, and Na–K–Cl–SO4 types. The similarities in the observed water types suggest that almost the same geochemical processes are controlling the cation-anion reaction of the groundwater system in the study area.


Geochemical Groundwater classification Hydrochemical facies Iresa-Apa Cations and anions 



We appreciate the conference support received from Covenant University, Nigeria.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theophilus A. Adagunodo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rachael O. Adejumo
    • 2
  • Anuoluwapo M. Olanrewaju
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  2. 2.Independent GeologistOsogboNigeria
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria

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