The Importance of Wetlands and Unhealthy Water Bodies in the Distribution of Malaria in Spain
- 115 Downloads
Malaria is one of the infectious diseases with the highest number of cases worldwide. It has always been linked to aquatic environments, since these can be a necessary reservoir for the anophelines that transmit the disease. This study analyses the role that unhealthy water bodies have played, since the early 20th century, in the most endemic and/or prevalent foci of malaria in Spain. Western Andalusia was the region with the largest surface of unhealthy water bodies and wetlands. The desiccation of much of the continental waters contributed to its eradication.
KeywordsMalaria foci Water bodies Wetlands Spain Spatial analysis
- 2.Díaz, J., Ballester, F., López-Vélez, R.: Impacts on human health. In: Moreno, J. M., Aguiló, E., Alonso, S., Cobelas, M. Á., Anadón, R., Ballester, F. (eds.) A Preliminary Assessment of the Impacts in Spain due to Effects of Climate Change, pp. 699–741. Ministry of the Environment, Madrid (2005)Google Scholar
- 3.Sainz-Elipe, S., Latorre, J.M., Escosa, R., Masià, M., Fuentes, M.V., Mas-Coma, S., Bargues, M.D.: Malaria resurgence risk in southern Europe: Climate assessment in an historically endemic area of rice fields at the Mediterranean shore of Spain. Malar. J. 9 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-9-221