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Social Aspects of Water in Central Iran

  • Majid Labbaf Khaneiki
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter starts with the issue of cooperation which is manifest in the different social aspects of qanat system as the main water supply in central Iran. Qanat is a subterranean tunnel with a gentle slope, which drains out groundwater taking advantage of a height difference along its tunnel and by the force of gravity. Cooperation is an inherent element of a qanat’s social organization from its construction to operation.

This chapter also examines some social aspects of water in central Iran such as water division systems. In Iran water for irrigation is owned by shares. In fact the farmers take turns bringing water to their land. For a particular shareholder, the interval between two irrigations means an irrigation cycle or rotation pattern of irrigation water which may take 6–21 days. To measure the irrigation shares the farmers are entitled to, they have invented some units which vary from area to area with the local conditions and the volume of the water available. Traditional water division systems exemplify the soul of coexistence and cooperation which have pulled people together in this region in the course of history. The village of Meymand has been chosen as a case study in order to delve further into the social aspects of water in Iran in the context of social, economic and environmental transitions.

Keywords

Water cooperation Cultural landscape Water division Irrigation time Drought 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Majid Labbaf Khaneiki
    • 1
  1. 1.Hydraulic Structures, UNESCO Category IIInternational Center on Qanats and Historic Hydraulic Structures, UNESCO Category IIYazdIran

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