Meniscus: Biomechanics and Biology

  • Michael B. Ellman
  • Jorge Chahla


The meniscus plays an integral role in the knee with several unique functions, most notably to protect the chondral surfaces via load transmission and distribution. Given that meniscal integrity highly correlates with joint health, an awareness of meniscal anatomy and its insertions, meniscal biology, and meniscal biomechanics is paramount for the treating physician. This chapter will help the reader to better understand the (i) anatomy of the menisci with an emphasis on anatomic root attachments, (ii) microstructure and biology of meniscal tissue, and (iii) biomechanical properties of meniscal tissue and their clinical relevance following meniscal injury.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael B. Ellman
    • 1
  • Jorge Chahla
    • 2
  1. 1.Panorama Orthopedics & Spine CenterGoldenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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