Travertine-Tufa Deposition in Relation with Gafsa-Jeffara Fault System: Implication on Fluid-Flow (Southern Tunisia)

  • Saber IdrissEmail author
  • Samir Bouaziz
  • Soumyajit Mukherjee
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


Travertine and Tufa are continental carbonate deposits that originate from deep geothermal systems supersaturated by bicarbonates. These non-marine carbonates are characterized by complex interactions between biological, chemical and physical processes that make them interesting recorders of climatic and environmental changes. Previous works have shown that exhumed travertine affected by active tectonics could be an ideal tool in understanding the relation in a fault-fluid flow. The principal purpose of this work is to carry out for a the first time a detailed study on representative rock samples of Jebel El Mzar (Southern Tunisia, province of Kirchaou): “a thermogene travertine and tufa’’ related study to the Gafsa-Jeffara fault system activity which is characterized by diverse facies. Geochemical, microstructural, petrological and petrophysical studies of Travertine/Tufa samples were carried out.


Travertine-Tufa Active faults Fluid flow Petrophysical Geochemical 


  1. 1.
    Bahrouni, N., Bouaziz, S., Soumaya, A., Ben Ayed, N., Attafi, K., Houla, Y., El Ghali, A., Rebai, N.: Neotectonic and seismotectonic investigation of seismically active regions in Tunisia: a multidisciplinary approach (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bouaziz, S., Ben Salem, H.: Carte Geol. Tunisie 1:100000, Feuille Kirchaou. Office Nation. des Mines (1990)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bouaziz, S.: Etude de la tectonique cassante dans la plateforme et l’Atlas saharien (Tunisie méridionale); évolution des paléochamps de contraintes et implications géodynamiques. Thèse Doc. Etat, Univ. Tunis II, Tunisia, 485 p. (1995)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brogi, A., Alçiçek, M.C., Yalçıner, C.Ç., Capezzuoli, E., Liotta, D., Meccheri, M., Rimondi, V., Ruggieri, G., Gandin, A., Boschi, C., Büyüksaraç, A., Alçiçek, H., Bülbül, A., Baykara, M.O., Shen, C.-C.: Hydrothermal fluids circulation and travertine deposition in an active tectonic setting: insights from the Kamara geothermal area. Western Anatolia, Turkey (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Castany, G.: L’accident Sud tunisien, son âge et ses relations avec l’accident Sud atlasique d’Algérie. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 238, 916–918 (1954)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Henchiri, M., Ben Ahmed, W., Brogi, A., Cihat Alçiçek, M., Benassi, R.: Evolution of Pleistocene travertine depositional system from terraced slope to fissure-ridge in a mixed travertine-alluvial succession. Jebel El Mida, Gafsa, southern Tunisia (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pentecost, A.: Travertine, 1st ed. Springer, London, UK,; ISBN 978-1-4020-3606-4 (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saber Idriss
    • 1
    Email author
  • Samir Bouaziz
    • 1
  • Soumyajit Mukherjee
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Water-Energy-Environment, Department of Geology, National Engineering School of SfaxUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Geodynamic Laboratory, Department of Earth SciencesIndian Institute of TechnologyBombayIndia

Personalised recommendations