Advertisement

Karst Landforms as Possible Lithological and Paleo-Climatic Markers in an Unnamed Crater in Northern Sinus Meridiani, Mars

  • Davide BaioniEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

This paper describes the possible karst landforms observed in the Light Toned Deposits (LTDs) located within an unnamed crater in northern Sinus Meridiani, an area located in the equatorial region of Mars. Morphological and morphometric surveys of the LTDs surface morphologies through an integrated analysis of the available images from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) instrument on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) were performed. The Martian landforms interpreted as a doline of karst origin resemble closely karst landforms that can be observed both in different karst terrains on Earth and in other regions of Mars. The karst landforms observed highlight the evaporitic origin of these materials and suggest a climatic change and the presence of liquid water, probably due to ice melting, during the late Amazonian age.

Keywords

Mars Sinus meridiani Karst landforms Evaporate deposits Climate change 

References

  1. 1.
    Baioni, D., Zupan Hajna, N., Wezel, F.C.: Karst landforms in a martian evaporitic dome. Acta Carsologica 38(1), 9–18 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Grindrod, P.M., Balme, M.R.: Groundwater processes in Hebes Chasma, Mars. Geophys. Res. Lett. 37, L13202 (2010)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jackson, M.P.A., Adams, J.B., Dooley, A.R., Montgomery, D.R.: Modeling the collapse of Hebes Chasma, Valles Marineris, Mars. GSA Bull. 123(7–8), 1596–1627 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baioni, D., Sgavetti, M.: Karst terrains as possible lithologic and stratigraphic markers in northern Sinus Meridiani, Mars. Planet. Space Sci. 75, 173–181 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ford, D.C., Williams, P.: Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology. Wiley & Sons Ltd, England (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baioni, D., Tramontana, M.: Evaporite karst in three interior layered deposits in Iani Chaos, Mars. Geomorphology 245, 15–22 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Flahaut, J., Carter, J., Poulet, F., Bibring, J.-P., van Westrenen, W., Davies, G.R., Murchie, S.L.: Embedded clays and sulfates in Meridiani Planum, Mars. Icarus 248, 269–288 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    De Pablo, M.A., Komatsu, G.: Possible pingo fields in the Utopia basin, Mars: geological and climatical implications. Icarus 199, 49–74 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Madeleine, J.B., Forget, F., Head, J.W., Levrard, B., Montmessin, F., Millaur, E.: Amazonian northern mid-latitude glaciation on Mars: a proposed climate scenario. Icarus 203, 390–405 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wordsworth, R., Forget, F., Millour, E., Head, J.W., Madeleine, J.-B., Charnay, B.: Global modelling of the early Martian climate under a denser CO2 atmosphere: water cycle and ice evolution. Icarus 222, 1–19 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Warren, J.K.: Evaporites: Sediments, Resources and Hydrocarbons. Springer, New York (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urbino UniversityUrbinoItaly

Personalised recommendations