Deepwater Sediment Facies and Sole Marks of the Numidian Flysch, Algeria

  • Bouabdellah MenzoulEmail author
  • Dorrik Stow
  • Mohammed Adaci
  • Miloud Benhamou
  • Hicham Mahdjoub Araibi
  • Mustapha Bensalah
  • Madani Benyoucef
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)


The sedimentology of the Numidian Flysch (Upper Oligocene) of the Ouarsenis Mountains, Northwest Algeria, is presented here for the first time. The outcrops of the Forêt des Cèdres section comprise thick and very-thick bedded sandstones as the dominant facies. They are interbedded with more minor mudstones. Five distinct facies have been identified including: (1) massive sandstone, (2) normally-graded sandstone, (3) parallel-laminated sandstone, (4) siltstone, and (5) mudstone. The range of the observed bedding and facies characteristics can be interpreted as resulting from deepwater gravity flow processes. Many sole marks are present on the bases of the overturned sandstone beds including groove casts, flute marks, gutter casts, longitudinal ridge and furrow marks, mud ripples, and frondescent marks. A new type of flute-mark structure is documented here for the first time on the base of medium-grained sandstone beds. These features are designated as curved flute marks. It is suggested that they result from the flow interaction with an obstacle or irregular relief on the seafloor in the path of a strong turbidity current. Similar features have been generated in laboratory simulations by Dzulynski [4].


Numidian flysch Turbidite Massive sandstone Sole structures Curved flute 


  1. 1.
    Allen, J.R.L.: Transverse erosional marks of mud and rock: their physical basis and geological significance. Sediment. Geol. 5, 167–385 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bizon G., Hoyez B.: Données stratigraphi-ques sur les formations sous-numidiennes en Algérie. C.R. Acad. Sci., vol. 289, pp. 655–658 (1979) (Paris)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Durand Delga, M., Magne, J.: Données stratigraphiques et micropaléontologiques nouvelles sur le Numilitique de l’Est de Cordières bétiques. Revues de micropaléontologie, vol. 1/3, pp. 155–175 (1958) (Espagne)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dzulnyski, S., Walton, E.K.: Sedimentary Features of Flysch and Greywackes: Developments in Sedimentology, vol. 7, 274 p. Elsevier, Amsterdam (1965)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gélard, J.P.: Géologie du Nord-Est de la Grande Kabylie. Mém. géol. Univ. Dijon, vol. 5, 335 p., 98 fig., 19 pl., 2 pl h.t. (1979) (France)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Johansson, M., Braakenberg, N.E., Stow, D.A.V., Faugères, J.C.: Deep-water massive sands: facies, processes and channel geometry in the Numidian Flysch, N Sicily. Sediment. Geol. 115, 233–266 (1998) (Italy)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lahondere, J.C., Feiberg, H., Hac.: Datation des grès Numidiens d’Algérie orientale: Conséquences structurales, C.R. Acad. Sci. 289, vol. 4, pp. 383–386 (1979) (Paris)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mattauer M.: Etude géologique de l’Ouarsenis oriental (Algérie) Bull Serv Géol. Monographie Régionale, vol. 17, 534 p. (1958) (Algérie)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pickering, K.T., Hiscott, R.N.: Deep Marine Systems, Processes, Deposits, Environments, Tectonics and Sedimentation. Wiley (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Raoult, J.F.: Géologie du centre de la chaine numidique (Nord du Constantinois, Algérie). Mém. Soc. Géol., t. 111, n 121, 163 p. (1974) (France)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Riahi, S., Patel, U., Soussi, M., Stow, D.A.V., Croudace, I., Fildes, C., Ben Ismaïl Lattrache, K., Boukhalfa, K.: The Onshore Tunisia Numidian Flysch: Petrography, Geochemistry and Reservoir Characteristics. EAGE Tunisia, extended abstracts. Tunisia (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stow, D.A.V., Johannson, M.: Deep-water massive sands: nature, origin and hydrocarbon implications. Mar. Pet. Geol. 17, 145–174 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bouabdellah Menzoul
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dorrik Stow
    • 2
  • Mohammed Adaci
    • 1
  • Miloud Benhamou
    • 3
  • Hicham Mahdjoub Araibi
    • 3
  • Mustapha Bensalah
    • 1
  • Madani Benyoucef
    • 4
  1. 1.University of TlemcenTlemcenAlgeria
  2. 2.Heriot-Watt UniversityEdinburghScotland, UK
  3. 3.University of Oran 2OranAlgeria
  4. 4.University of MascaraMascaraAlgeria

Personalised recommendations