Redox Regulation of Cold Stress Response

  • Venura HerathEmail author


The world crop production needs to be increased by 50% in 2050 in order to fulfill the nutrient requirement of 10 billion people. This task is made even more difficult by the severe environment conditions experienced by crops due to global warming. Plant biologists and breeders are facing a great challenge in order to improve crop yields along with developing stress-tolerant crops. In order to bioengineer future crops, it is essential to identify stress response mechanisms found in crops as well as their relatives. Then, susceptible crops can be developed into tolerant crops by careful fine-tuning of these mechanisms. Among the abiotic stresses, cold stress is considered as one of the major stresses that significantly reduces the crop production. Cold stress induces a complex network of signaling pathways mediated by transcription factors, plant hormones, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and other primary and secondary messengers. ROS are generated as a result of aerobic metabolism in plants. Due to its unstable nature, these ROS can damage various cellular components. In order to avoid such damage, plants have developed various redox regulatory systems. Interestingly, ROS are purposefully produced to serve as messengers by plants when they are under cold stress. ROS are long known as cytotoxic molecules that damage the cellular metabolism. However, emerging evidence is highlighting the importance of these ROS in acquiring cold and other abiotic stress tolerance.


Cold stress Oxidative stress Redox regulation 



This work was supported by the National Research Council of Sri Lanka (NRC/14/117) and International Science Foundation, Sweden (C/5267-1).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Biology, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of PeradeniyaPeradeniyaSri Lanka

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