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Theoretical Background

  • Alessandro Pinzani
  • Walquiria Leão Rego
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter will set out the theoretical bases that guided the formulation and evaluation of the interviews. Special attention is given to the capability approachof Sen and Nussbaum and Marx and Simmel’s theories of money. Other scholars who were relevant for our research include Emmanuel Renault, Avishai Margalit, Richard Sennett, Pierre Bourdieu and Iris Marion Young. Since this project focuses on women, we have also found inspiration in works of writers such as Susan M. Okin, Viviana A. Zelizer, Giovanna Zincone and Nancy Fraser, but most of all in John Stuart Mill.The theories of Sen and Simmel are especially pertinent, as we want to highlight the relationship between monetary income and autonomy: our basic hypothesis is that, at many levels, the presence of a regular monetary income facilitates the processes by which individuals gain autonomy. We begin with the capability approach in order to define the concept of individual autonomy and go on to look at some theoretical questions linked to understanding the phenomenology of poverty that will be laid out in the fourth chapter. We opted for this theory, because it is not “primarily interested in investigating the question of how much resources are being spent in total but rather whether the resources are directed appropriately, taking the needs of the individual adequately into account” (Goerne 2010, 12).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandro Pinzani
    • 1
  • Walquiria Leão Rego
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Filosofia e Ciências HumanasUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianopolisBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências HumanasUniversidade Estadual de CampinasCampinasBrazil

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