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Computational Methods in Spectroscopy

  • Andrzej Koleżyński
Chapter
Part of the Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics book series (COCH, volume 26)

Abstract

Spectroscopy investigates the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. Along with the development of theoretical methods, increasingly effective numerical algorithms and computational methods as well as computer technologies and resulting growing computer power available for scientists, the so-called in silico experiments—computer simulations of materials and their properties in computer—have become an irreplaceable tool supporting experimental research, often allowing a better understanding of phenomena taking place during these interactions, and associated material properties. As a result, it becomes possible in growing number of cases to effectively design new materials with desired properties and to modify existing ones, to improve their properties. This chapter is devoted to a brief introduction to issues related to theoretical foundations of quantum mechanics and density functional theory, both in stationary and time-dependent form. The key assumptions of these theories are presented, together with the description of various approximations and simplifications necessary for their practical application to the calculation of properties examined by spectroscopic methods. The most important practical problems encountered during calculations, resulting from the complexity of real materials and typical ways of dealing with these problems by means of various simplifications, idealizations, and abstractions in designed structural models corresponding to real materials, are also presented.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Materials Science and CeramicsAGH University of Science and TechnologyKrakowPoland

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