The Early Modern Period: 1500–1789
In this chapter, Moore identifies seven key developments affecting the evolution of universities in the Early Modern Period: literary humanism, the printing press, the Oceanic Age, and the Protestant Reformation, followed by the Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, and the growing power of major centralizing states. Then, each is explained by showing the role of selected major figures. The Oceanic Age led to new universities on new continents, especially in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires. Throughout, Moore stresses continuity as well as change. He describes the internal developments of universities, the impact of religious divisions, and the growth of learned institutions outside of universities. Finally, he shows how the Enlightenment and over-bearing central governments led to the American and French Revolutions.