Controlling Acquiescence Bias with Multidimensional IRT Modeling

  • Ricardo PrimiEmail author
  • Nelson Hauck-Filho
  • Felipe Valentini
  • Daniel Santos
  • Carl F. Falk
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 265)


Acquiescence is a commonly observed response style that may distort respondent scores. One approach to control for acquiescence involves creating a balanced scale and computing sum scores. Other model-based approaches may explicitly include an acquiescence factor as part of a factor analysis or multidimensional item response model. Under certain assumptions, both approaches may result in acquiescence-controlled scores for each respondent. However, the validity of the resulting scores is one issue that is sometimes ignored. In this paper, we present an application of these approaches under both balanced and unbalanced scales, and we report changes in criterion validity and respondent scores.


Acquiescence bias Item response modeling 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Primi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nelson Hauck-Filho
    • 2
  • Felipe Valentini
    • 2
  • Daniel Santos
    • 1
  • Carl F. Falk
    • 3
  1. 1.Ayrton Senna InstituteUniversidade São Francisco, and EduLab21CampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade São FranciscoCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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