Advertisement

Inserting Agency in the Relations with China

  • Carlos Lopes
Chapter

Abstract

The continent needs partnerships for fast implementation (particularly in the areas of financial resources, trade, investments, and capacity-building) of its development priorities. One of the most contested issues in the current assessments of African development trajectory is the emergence of new partners such as China, which is redefining how the continent engages with the rest of the world. There is need to unpack the different dimensions of the links between Africa and China, including the ‘untold story’ of the relationship, which is the growing interest of Africa in the Chinese economy. There is a need to recognise the complexity of this relationship and identify ways of reinserting African agency in Sino-African relations. Africa must make the best of its relations with the China, its number one trading partner and foreign direct investor.

Keywords

China FDI Industrialisation Delocalisation Jobs Trade Partnerships Agency Manufacturing Industrialisation Infrastructure Culture Integration 

References

  1. AfDB, OECD, & UNDP. (2011). New Opportunities for African Manufacturing. African Economic Outlook. Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
  2. Aidoo, R. (2014, October 25). China’s “Image” Problem in Africa. The Diplomat. Retrieved May 15, 2015, from http://thediplomat.com/2012/10/non-interference-a-double-edged-sword-for-china-in-africa/?allpages=yes.
  3. Allison, S. (2013, July 5). Fixing China’s Image in Africa, One Student at a Time. The Guardian. Retrieved May 6, 2016, from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/31/china-africa-students-scholarship-programme.
  4. Baitie, Z. (2013, August 28). On Being African in China. The Atlantic. Retrieved May 17, 2015, from http://www.theatlantic.com/china/archive/2013/08/on-being-african-in-china/279136/.
  5. Bilal, S. (2013). External Influences on Regional Integration in West Africa: The Role of Third Parties. In R. Sohn & A. K. Oppong (Eds.), Regional Trade and Monetary Integration in West Africa and Europe (pp. 33–56). Bonn: Center for European Integration Studies.Google Scholar
  6. Bodomo, A. (2010). The African Trading Community in Guangzhou: An Emerging Bridge for Africa–China Relations. The China Quarterly, 203, 693–707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bodomo, A. (2012). Africans in China – A Sociocultural Study and Its Implications on Africa-China Relations. Amherst: Cambria Press.Google Scholar
  8. Dollar, D. (2016). China’s Engagement with Africa: From Natural Resources to Human Resources. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  9. ECA. (2013). Millennium Development Goals Report 2013: Assessing Progress in Africa Towards the Millennium Development Goals Food Security in Africa – Issues, Challenges and Lessons. Addis Ababa: ECA.Google Scholar
  10. ECA. (2014). Economic Report for Africa: Dynamic Industrial Policy in Africa. Addis Ababa: ECA.Google Scholar
  11. ECA. (2015). Economic Report on Africa: Industrializing Through Trade. Addis Ababa: ECA.Google Scholar
  12. French, H. (2014). China’s Second Continent: How a Million Migrants Are Building a New Empire in Africa. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  13. Haroz, D. (2011). China in Africa: Symbiosis of Exploitation. Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 35(2), 65–88.Google Scholar
  14. Haugen, H. Ø. (2012). Nigerians in China: A Second State of Immobility. International Migration, 50(2), 65–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. IOSC. (2013). China-Africa Economic and Trade Cooperation (2013). Beijing: IOSC.Google Scholar
  16. Keqiang, H. L. (2014). Bring About a Better Future for China–Africa Cooperation. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China. Retrieved May 15, 2015, from http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/zyjh_665391/t1154397.shtml.
  17. Kragelund, P. (2014). Chinese Soft Power and Higher Education in Africa: The Confucius Institute at the University of Zambia. Proceedings of the 14th EADI General Conference, 23–26 June 2014, Bonn, pp. 1–21.Google Scholar
  18. Law, V. (2010, November 25). China Welcomes Growing African Trade, but Not the Africans Who Facilitate It. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-Pacific/2010/1125/China-welcomes-growing-African-trade-but-not-the-Africans-who-facilitate-it.
  19. Li, Z., Ma, L. J. C., & Xue, D. (2009). An African Enclave in China: The Making of a New Transnational Urban Space. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 50(6), 699–719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lin, J. (2012). The Quest for Prosperity: How Developing Economies Can Take Off. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Lopes, C. (2014). Powering Africa’s Industrialisation and Agricultural Revolution with Renewable Energies. Retrieved May 20, 2015, from http://www.unep.org/ourplanet/2014/June/PDF/EN/article11.pdf.
  22. Marsh, J. (2014, July 1). African Migrants Let Down by the Chinese Dream. Al-Jazeera. Retrieved May 15, 2015, from http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2014/7/africans-inchinachinesemigrantsinafricachinaafricarelations.html.
  23. McKinsey Global Institute. (2017). Dance of Lions and Dragons. London, New York: MGI.Google Scholar
  24. Monfort, J. (2008). Oil Consumption Continues Slow Growth. Working Paper, World Watch Institute.Google Scholar
  25. Monga, C., & Lin, J. (Eds.). (2015). The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics (Vol. 2). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Oqubay, A. (2015). Made in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pengfei, Z. (2012, January 11). About CCTV Africa. CNTV.com. Retrieved May 15, 2015, from http://english.cntv.cn/program/africalive/20120111/117620.shtml.
  28. Pew. (2014). Global Indicators Database. Ghana. Retrieved July 20, 2017, from http://www.pewglobal.org/database/indicator/71/country/82/.
  29. Rebol, M. (2010). Public Perceptions and Reactions: Gauging African Views of China in Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(25), 3524–3535.Google Scholar
  30. Renard, T. (2014). Strategic Prudence: The European Union and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. In PRI/HSF, SCO’s Role in Regional Stability: Prospects of Its Expansion (pp. 38–51). Islamabad: IPRI.Google Scholar
  31. Schiere, R. (2011). China and Africa: An Emerging Partnership for Development? In China and Africa: An Emerging Partnership for Development (pp. 1–12). Tunis: African Development Bank.Google Scholar
  32. Songwe, V., & Moyo, N. (2012). China-Africa Relations: Defining New Terms of Engagement. In Z. Lewis & B. Routman (Eds.), Foresight Africa – Top Priorities for the Continent in 2012. Washington: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  33. Spring, A., & Jiao, Y. (2008). China in Africa: African Views of Chinese Entrepreneurship. Global and Local Dynamics in African Business and Development 9th Annual International Conference, University of Florida Gainesville. Mimeo.Google Scholar
  34. Thrall, L. (2015). China’s Expanding African Relations: Implications for US Security. Santa Monica: Rand.Google Scholar
  35. Wang, J. (2011, March 15). Nigerian Finds Pop Stardom in Beijing. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  36. Watts, E. (2013, August 8). A ‘Little Africa’ in Southern China. The Diplomat. Retrieved May 21, 2015, from http://thediplomat.com/2013/08/a-little-africa-in-southern-china/.
  37. The World Bank. (2015). Commodity Markets Outlook. Second Quarter Report, Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  38. Zhang, L. (2008). Ethnic Congregation in a Globalizing City: The Case of Guangzhou, China. Cities, 25(6), 383–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Lopes
    • 1
  1. 1.Mandela School of Public GovernanceUniversity of Cape TownRondeboschSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations