Advertisement

Revisiting the Social Contract

  • Carlos Lopes
Chapter

Abstract

The central tenet of sustainable development resides in the concept of equity and social justice for all. The notion of sustainable development must be flexible and dynamic to accommodate ecological and social realities. Sustainable development, primarily, is a process of transformative change, but it occurs only in an enabling environment supported by robust institutions and a set of rules that must be adhered to. The challenge of a multilateral governance relates to the issues of governing the ‘commons’ based on set global agendas, legitimate principle of common actions, and a bringing together of global communities to commit to a process of implementing change at the local, national, and international levels. There must be coordinated state actions to materialise the dream of green economy and development into reality. In the African context the challenge of a new social contract resides mostly on balancing environmental and demographic concerns in the structural transformation process.

Keywords

Social contract Sustainable development Green economy Environment Development Multilateralism Negotiation Global Governance 

References

  1. Castree, N. (2003). The Geopolitics of Nature. In J. Agnew, K. Mitchell, & G. Toal (Eds.), A Companion to Political Geography (pp. 423–439). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  2. Cervellati, M. (2005). Hobbes to Rousseau: Inequality, Institutions and Development. Issue 1450 of Discussion Paper, IZA.Google Scholar
  3. ECA. (2009). African Governance Report II. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Goldin, I. (Ed.). (2016). Is the Planet Full? Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Happaerts, S. (2012). Sustainable Development and Subnational Governments: Going beyond Symbolic Politics? Environmental Development, 4, 2–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hasenclever, A., Mayer, P., & Rittberger, V. (1997). Theories of International Regimes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Holling, C. S. (1973). Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4, 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kates, R. W. (2001). Sustainability Science. Science, 292(5517), 641–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kates, R. W., & Dasgupta, P. (2007). African Poverty: A Grand Challenge for Sustainability Science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(43), 16747–16750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nayyar, D. (2010). Trade and Globalization. Mumbai: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Newman, L. (2006). Change, Uncertainty, and Futures of Sustainable Development. Futures, 38(5), 633–637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. North, D. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance, Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions. St. Louis: Washington University.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Papa, M., & Gleason, N. (2012). Major Emerging Powers in Sustainable Development. Global Environmental Change, 22(4), 915–924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Paterson, M. (2001). Understanding Global Environmental Politics: Domination, Accumulation, Resistance. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  15. Rawls, J. A. (1971). Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.Google Scholar
  16. Rousseau, J. J. (1761). Julie.Google Scholar
  17. Rousseau, J. J. (1762a). Emile.Google Scholar
  18. Rousseau, J. J. (1762b). The Social Contract and Discourses.Google Scholar
  19. Rousseau, J. J. (1789). The Confessions 1782–1789.Google Scholar
  20. Sen, A. (2009). The Idea of Justice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Vogler, J., & Hannes, S. (2007). The European Union in Global Environmental Governance: Leadership in the Making? International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 7(4), 389–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Lopes
    • 1
  1. 1.Mandela School of Public GovernanceUniversity of Cape TownRondeboschSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations