Advertisement

Europe

  • Tara Rava Zolnikov
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Climate Resilient Societies book series (PSCRS)

Abstract

Europe is on a united front when it comes to dealing with climate change. Strategies confronting climate change effects have been developed by the European Union as well as individual Member States. These measures include policies and programs that seek to curb negative outcomes resulting from climate change. This chapter reviews how Europe is progressive in the face of climate change.

Keywords

Climate change Europe Resiliency and adaptation Policy 

References

  1. Biesbroek, G. R., Swart, R. J., Carter, T. R., Cowan, C., Henrichs, T., Mela, H., et al. (2010). Europe adapts to climate change: Comparing national adaptation strategies. Global Environmental Change, 20(3), 440–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chloupek, O., Hrstkova, P., & Schweigert, P. (2004). Yield and its stability, crop diversity, adaptability and response to climate change, weather and fertilisation over 75 years in the Czech Republic in comparison to some European countries. Field Crops Research, 85, 167–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Encyclopedia Britannica. (2018). Europe. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/place/Europe
  4. Engelhard, G. H., Righton, D. A., & Pinnegar, J. K. (2014). Climate change and fishing: A century of shifting distribution in North Sea cod. Global Change Biology, 20(8), 2473–2483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. European Commission [EC]. (2013, April 16). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Region—An EU strategy on adaptation to climate change, COM(2013) 216 final, Brussels.Google Scholar
  6. European Commission [EC]. (2017). Social challenges. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/adaptation/how/social_en
  7. European Environment Agency [EEA]. (2017a). The North Sea. Retrieved from https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/report_2002_0524_154909/regional-seas-around-europe/page131.html
  8. European Environment Agency [EEA]. (2017b). Climate change impacts and adaptation. Retrieved from https://www.eea.europa.eu/soer-2015/europe/climate-change-impacts-and-adaptation
  9. Grothmann, T., & Patt, A. (2005). Adaptive capacity and human cognition: The process of individual adaptation to climate change. Global Environmental Change, 15(3), 199–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grothmann, T., & Reusswig, F. (2006). People at risk of flooding: Why some residents take precautionary action while others don’t. Natural Hazards, 38, 1–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hulme, M. (2008). Geographical work at the boundaries of climate change. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 33(1), 5–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC]. (2001). Climate change 2001: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Retrieved from http://hcl.harvard.edu/collections/ipcc/docs/27_WGIITAR_FINAL.pdf
  13. Kabat, P., Van Vierssen, W., Veraart, J., Vellinga, P., & Aerts, J. (2005). Climate proofing the Netherlands. Nature, 438(7066), 283–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Olesen, J. E., & Bindi, M. (2002). Consequences of climate change for European agricultural productivity, land use and policy. European Journal of Agronomy, 16, 239–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Olesen, J. E., Trnka, M., Kersebaum, K. C., Skjelvåg, A. O., Seguin, B., Peltonen-Sainio, P., et al. (2011). Impacts and adaptation of European crop production systems to climate change. European Journal of Agronomy, 34(2), 96–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Schreurs, M. A., & Tiberghien, Y. (2007). Multi-level reinforcement: Explaining European Union leadership in climate change mitigation. Global Environmental Politics, 7(4), 19–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Swart, R. J., Biesbroek, G. R., Binnerup, S., Carter, T. R., Henrichs, T., Loquen, S., et al. (2009). Europe adapts to climate change: Comparing national adaptation strategies (No. 01/2009). Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Helsinki.Google Scholar
  18. The European Economic and Social Committee and The Committee of the Regions [EESCCR]. (2011). Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe 2011. Retrieved from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52011DC0571

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tara Rava Zolnikov
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Community HealthNational UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.School of Behavioral SciencesCalifornia Southern UniversityCosta MesaUSA

Personalised recommendations